Pond del Marco or Fountain del Rey
This is a karstic upwelling where the water that has filtered into and accumulated in the limestone of the area surrounding Caceres rises to the surface. There is a fairly constant water flow (some 50l/sec), although the intensive use of the numerous wells that have been created in the limestone have made the volume of flow decrease at certain times and even stop completely (as has happened since the 1970s, when it started to be used to supply the city). This water has been used, throughout many centuries, to irrigate the numerous orchards of the Ribera del Marco, as well as to power mills and to supply water to tanneries and wool washhouses or scouring plants.Until 1993 the pond looked like a rubbish tip. However, successive interventions have improved the area’s appearance, until it is now a small and pleasant park.
It was built on the orders of the nobleman D. Alfonso Golfín in the second half of the 15th century, with granite stone and a vaulted tank. It has been the most popular, visited and admired of all Cacere’s fountains for centuries, due to its strategic location and the abundance and ‘refinement’ of its siliceous waters, as testified by various documents.
It was closed in June 1964 by government order, as it was contaminated and represented a danger to public health (typhoid in the 50-60s). Since 1992 the School-Workshop of the U.P. of Caceres has restored it and cleaned it on various occasions.
This is in a spot that is crossed by the path, or ‘la Troncha’, which leads to La Montaña. In 1964 an order of the civil Governor allowed residents to use it, something that didn’t happen with the others, which were closed as they were contaminated. Today the people of Caceres still use it as a water supply as the water is of a very high quality due to its siliceous nature (it comes from water that filtered into the quartzites of La Montaña) and also has diuretic properties. It was restored by the workshops of the U.P. in the late 90s and was the object of a recent intervention in 2004 (Project Urban-Calerizo).
This has never had a large volume of flow, so its importance and popularity isn’t comparable to that of the Concejo or Fría Fountains, although it supplied the residents of the District of San Marquino until the 1950s. By 1993 it was in a terrible state, but it was then restored by the construction company of the area named after it. It is in the Neo-Mudejar style and is cited in documents from the 18th century, along with other fountains.
Quarry del Portanchito
Quartzite was worked here until it was abandoned by those responsible without any kind of correction (filling, reforestation, soil regeneration, etc.). The visual impact is considerable, with rubble scattered around the area, etc., which makes its recuperation difficult and expensive. Around the edge you can see a small seam of kaolin that stands out due to its white colour. In some blocks of quartzite at the entrance there are fine examples of hematite (reddish) and manganese dioxide (black) dendrites, which, in some places, could be confused with plant fossils. Fossils of brachiopod shells have also been found, although they are very rare.
Mine of Valdeflores
This was worked in the middle of the 20th century to extract tin (or stannic) oxide, a mineral that is present in thin seams of quartz. The installations were shut in the early 90s by the General Directorate of Mines, due to the risk of landslides. This means that the entrance is blocked and only the dumps are accessible.
This was built in 1930 and was given the name of Enfermería Victoria Eugenia. In the 2nd Republic it was known as the Anti-tuberculosis Hospital or Sanctuary. During the Civil War it was used as a blood hospital and, in the post-war period, as an anti-tuberculosis hospital. It was abandoned in 1950 and became reduced to a pile of ruins and rubble, so in 2001 the City Council agreed to its demolition and the environmental recuperation of the area.